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In 2019, affected by the El Ni?o phenomenon, global forest fires have occurred frequently. In particular, Australian forest fires that have been burning for more than 4 months have caused widespread concern in the international community. Part of our country has also experienced extreme drought that has not been encountered for 50 years. Extreme weather such as high temperature, strong wind and dry thunderstorms has increased significantly, and the situation of forest fire prevention and fire fighting is very serious. The Emergency Management Department seriously implemented the decision-making and deployment of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, sent eight working groups to the fire site to guide the rescue work, mobilized forest fire fighting teams to participate in the rescue operation across the provinces, and successfully dealt with many major forest fires to ensure the forest and grasslands throughout the year The fire situation was generally stable.
In 2019, there were 2,345 forest fires across the country, including 8 major fires and one catastrophic fire, with an area of approximately 13,505 hectares. Compared with 2018, the number of forest fires decreased by 133, a decrease of 5.4%, and the area of affected forests decreased by 2804 hectares, a decrease of 17.2%. A total of 45 grassland fires occurred, including 1 major fire and 2 catastrophic fires, all caused by the burning of foreign fires. The area of the affected grassland was about 66705 hectares. Forest and grassland fires as a whole remain at historically low levels.
In the past year, the forest and grassland fire prevention and fire prevention work has been guided by Xi Jinping's new era of socialist ideas with Chinese characteristics. It has adhered to both the root cause and the short-term combination. It has adhered to the reform as the driving force and the key to the overall situation. Way. After the reform, the advantages of the mechanism and system have become more prominent. Further streamline department responsibilities and improve the operating mechanism. The National Forest Defense Index has given full play to the overall role of lead and further strengthened the functions of organization, coordination, guidance and supervision. National forest defense refers to the active response and close cooperation of all member units. The PLA and the Armed Police Force fully support and strengthen coordination to form a joint force and advance. Party committees and governments in various places have perfected the organizational system in accordance with the spirit of "basic correspondence from top to bottom", strictly implemented the responsibility system of local executive heads, and made every effort to promote the implementation of forest fire protection work. We will conscientiously implement the policy of putting prevention first, combining prevention with extinction, and efficient fighting. Strengthen cooperation with the meteorological department, and promptly discuss and release high-altitude and grassland fire danger weather warnings, aiming at leading areas and time periods, and strengthening safety precautions. The national forest firefighting team of 25,000 people, the local professional forest firefighting team of 120,000 people, and more than a hundred emergency aviation rescue forces have always maintained an emergency state, achieving "early, early, small, and hit", and the 24-hour fight rate has been greatly improved. Continuously optimize professional command and innovative combat methods. Further improve the central and local grading response mechanism. For some forest fires that are sensitive and easy to get out of control, the National Forest Defense Office and the Emergency Management Department actively intervened and dispatched working groups and mobilized rescue forces to assist in handling. Aiming at the key directions of Northeast, Southwest, and China, highlight the use of air power and heavy, special equipment, and chemical fire extinguishing methods, and actively explore the use of air-ground integration, Fengshui integration, military, police, civilian, and national comprehensive fire rescue teams in joint fire fighting operations. . The national team and main force of the forest fire fighting team have played a prominent role. Comprehensively promote the strength system and capacity building of the forest firefighting team, implement unified dispatching, rapid response, cross-regional operations, and collaborative optimization. More than 79,000 person-times have been used, more than 300 forest and grassland fires have been extinguished, and cross-regional reinforcements have been implemented more than 40 times. Forest fires in Qinyuan, Shanxi, Miyun, Beijing, Jinhe, Inner Mongolia, and Foshan, Guangdong. The supervision and management guidance was significantly increased. For the first time, the forest and grassland fire prevention and fire prevention work was included in the 2018 safety production and fire protection work assessment. Full coverage assessment was conducted in 31 provinces and the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps, and 17 supervision letters were issued to instruct relevant provinces and regions to increase fire prevention and control efforts and coordinate their composition. 43 working groups went to various key provinces and autonomous regions to carry out inspections, organized nationwide to carry out a large-scale inspection of fire prevention in forests and grasslands in spring, check and rectify hidden risks, and a special inspection of fire prevention in autumn and winter, as well as a special operation to combat illegal acts in forests and grasslands, and rectify hidden dangers In all places, reduce the occurrence of fires from the source.
Source: Emergency Management Department
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